Updated: Mar 2
Queen Anne - Charles III
There have been 13 British monarchs since the political union of the Kingdom of England & the Kingdom of Scotland on 1 May 1707. England & Scotland had been in personal union since 24 March 1603. On 1 January 1801, the Kingdom of Great Britain & the Kingdom of Ireland merged, which resulted in the creation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Ireland, which became the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland on the secession of southern Ireland in the 1920s.
Queen Anne became monarch of the Kingdom of Great Britain after the political union of the Kingdom of England & the Kingdom of Scotland on 1 May 1707. She had ruled England, Scotland, & the Kingdom of Ireland since 8 March 1702. She continued as queen of Great Britain & Ireland until her death. Her total reign lasted 12 years and 147 days.
During the reign of Queen Anne, Parliament settled the rules of succession in the Act of Settlement 1701, defining Sophia of Hanover (granddaughter of James VI and I) & her non-Catholic descendants as the future royal heirs. The Crown passed from Queen Anne to Sophia's son King George I as Sophia had already died. Queen Anne & King George I were second cousins as both were great-grandchildren of James VI & I.
Reign: Queen of England, Scotland & Ireland - 8 March 1702 – 1 May 1707. Queen of Great Britain & Ireland - 1 May 1707 – 1 August 1714. On 1 May 1707, under the Acts of Union, the kingdoms of England & Scotland united as a single sovereign state known as Great Britain.
Coronation: 23 April 1702.
Born: 6 February 1665, St James's Palace, Westminster.
Parents: James II & VII & Anne Hyde.
House of: Stuart
Married: Prince George of Denmark (2 April 1653 – 28 October 1708), married in 1683. He was the younger son of Frederick III, King of Denmark and Norway, & Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
Children & Pregnancies;
Stillborn daughter (12 - 13 May 1684).
Mary (2 June 1685 - 8 February 1687), christened 2 June 1685 by the Bishop of London; styled "the Lady Mary".
Anne Sophia (12 May 1686 - 2 February 1687), christened by the Bishop of Durham, styled "the Lady Anne Sophia".
Miscarriage (21 January 1687).
Stillborn son (22 October 1687), Anne gave birth at seven months.
Miscarriage (16 April 1688).
Prince William, Duke of Gloucester (24 July 1689 - 30 July 1700).
Mary (14 October 1690). She was two months premature & lived about two hours.
George (17 April 1692). He lived only for a few minutes, just long enough to be baptised; styled "Lord George".
Stillborn daughter (23 March 1693).
Miscarriage (21 January 1694).
Miscarried daughter (17 or 18 February 1696).
Miscarriage (20 September 1696). Luttrell said Anne "miscarried of a son". Dr Nathaniel Johnson told Theophilus Hastings, 7th Earl of Huntingdon, in a letter dated 24 October 1696, "HRH miscarried of two children, the one of seven months' growth, the other of two or three months, as her physicians & midwife judged: one was born the day after the other."
Miscarriage (25 March 1697).
Miscarriage (December 1697). According to Saunière de L'Hermitage, the Dutch resident in London, Anne miscarried twins who were "too early to determine their sex". Other sources say the pregnancy ended in a stillborn son, or "two male children, at least as far as could be recognised".
Stillborn son (15 September 1698).
Stillborn son (24 January 1700). Contemporary sources say Anne gave birth at seven & a half months, after the foetus had been dead for a month.
Queen Anne died: 1 August 1714, Kensington Palace.
Burial: 24 August 1714, Westminster Abbey.
Successor: George I (2nd cousin)
Despite seventeen pregnancies by her husband, she died without surviving issue & was the last monarch of the House of Stuart. Under the Act of Settlement 1701, which excluded all Catholics, she was succeeded by her 2nd Cousin George I.
George I was King of Great Britain & Ireland & ruler of the Duchy & Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire.
Reign: 1 August 1714 – 11 June 1727
Coronation: 20 October 1714.
Born. 28 May 1660 – Hanover, Brunswick-Lüneburg, Holy Roman Empire.
Parents: Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover & Sophia of the Palatinate. Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover (20 November 1629 – 23 January 1698) was ruler of the Principality of Lüneburg from 1658 & of the Principality of Calenberg from 1679 until his death. He was appointed as the ninth prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire in 1692 but died before the appointment became effective. He was also ruler of the Prince-Bishopric of Osnabrück from 1662 until his death. Sophia of Hanover (born Princess Sophia of the Palatinate; 14 October 1630 – 8 June 1714) was later the heiress presumptive to the thrones of England & Scotland (later Great Britain) & Ireland under the Act of Settlement 1701. She died less than two months before she would have become queen.
House of: Hanover.
Married: Sophia Dorothea of Celle, 21 November 1682. Sophia (15 September 1666 – 13 November 1726) was the only surviving daughter of George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, by his morganatic wife Eléonore Desmier d'Olbreuse (1639–1722), Lady of Harburg, a French Huguenot noblewoman.
Children by his wife, Sophia Dorothea of Celle:
George II of Great Britain (9 November 1683 - 25 October 1760). Caroline of Ansbach, in 1705.
Sophia Dorothea of Hanover (26 March 1687 - 28 June 1757), married 1706 Frederick William, Margrave of Brandenburg (later Frederick William I of Prussia).
George I died. 11 June 1727) - Schloss Osnabrück, Osnabrück, Holy Roman Empire.
Buried: 4 August 1727, Leineschloss, Hanover; later Herrenhausen, Hanover.
Successor: George II (son).
George II was King of Great Britain & Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) & a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire.
Reign: 11 June 1727 – 25 October 1760.
Coronation: 11 October 1727. Westminster Abbey.
Born: 30 October 1683, Herrenhausen Palace, or Leine Palace, Hanover.
Parents: George I & Sophia Dorothea of Celle.
House of: Hanover.
Married: Caroline of Ansbach, 22 August 1705 at Herrenhausen. Caroline of Ansbach (1 March 1683 – 20 November 1737) was the daughter of John Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, & his 2nd wife, Princess Eleonore Erdmuthe of Saxe-Eisenach.
Children by Caroline of Ansbach & pregnancies;
Frederick, Prince of Wales (31 January 1707 - 31 March 1751), married Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha in 1736.
Anne, Princess Royal (2 November 1709 - 12 January 1759), married William IV, Prince of Orange in 1734.
Princess Amelia (10 June 1711 - 31 October 1786).
Princess Caroline (10 June 1713 - 28 December 1757).
Stillborn son (20 November 1716).
Prince George William (13 November 1717 - 17 February 1718).
Prince William, Duke of Cumberland (26 April 1721 - 31 October 1765).
Princess Mary (5 March 1723 - 14 January 1772), married Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel in 1740.
Princess Louisa (18 December 1724 - 19 December 1751), married Frederick V, King of Denmark & Norway in 1743.
Miscarriage (July 1725).
George II died: 25 October 1760, Kensington Palace.
Burial: 11 November 1760, Westminster Abbey.
Successor: George III (Grandson).
George III was King of Great Britain & of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two kingdoms on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Ireland until his death in 1820. He was concurrently Duke & Prince-elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg ("Hanover") in the Holy Roman Empire before becoming King of Hanover on 12 October 1814.
Reign: 25 October 1760 – 29 January 1820.
Coronation: 22 September 1761, Westminster Abbey.
Born: 4 June 1738, Norfolk House, St James's Square, London.
Parents: Frederick, Prince of Wales, (31 January 1707 – 31 March 1751), who was the eldest son & heir apparent of King George II. & Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (30 November 1719 – 8 February 1772), daughter of Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg & Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst.
House of: Hanover.
Married: Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz on 8 September 1761, at the Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace. Charlotte (19 May 1744 – 17 November 1818) was the youngest daughter of Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg, Prince of Mirow & Princess Elisabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen.
George IV (12 August 1762 - 26 June 1830), married Princess Caroline of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel in 1795.
Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany (16 August 1763 - 5 January 1827), married Princess Frederica of Prussia in 1791.
William IV (21 August 1765 - 20 June 1837), married Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen in 1818.
Charlotte, Princess Royal (29 September 1766 - 6 October 1828), married King Frederick of Württemberg in 1797.
Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (2 November 1767 - 23 January 1820), married Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld in 1818; his descendants include Queen Victoria, Elizabeth II, Felipe VI of Spain, Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, Harald V of Norway & Margarethe II of Denmark.
Princess Augusta Sophia (8 November 1768 - 22 September 1840).
Princess Elizabeth (22 May 1770 - 10 January 1840), married Frederick, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg in 1818.
Ernest Augustus, King of Hanover (5 June 1771 - 18 November 1851), married Princess Friederike of Mecklenburg-Strelitz in 1815; descendants include Constantine II of Greece & Felipe VI of Spain.
Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex (27 January 1773 - 21 April 1843), (1) married in contravention of the Royal Marriages Act 1772, The Lady Augusta Murray, marriage annulled in 1794; (2) married 1831, The Lady Cecilia Buggin (later 1st Duchess of Inverness).
Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge (24 February 1774 - 8 July 1850), married Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel in 1818; descendants include Elizabeth II.
Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh (25 April 1776 - 30 April 1857), married Prince William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh in 1816.
Princess Sophia (3 November 1777 - 27 May 1848).
Prince Octavius (23 February 1779 - 3 May 1783).
Prince Alfred (22 September 1780 - 20 August 1782).
Princess Amelia (7 August 1783 - 2 November 1810). .
George III died: 29 January 1820, Windsor Castle,
Burial: 16 February 1820, St George's Chapel, Windsor
Successor: George IV (son).
George IV was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland & King of Hanover.
Reign: 29 January 1820 – 26 June 1830.
Coronation: 19 July 1821.
Born: 12 August 1762, St James's Palace.
Parents: King George III & Queen Charlotte.
House of: Hanover.
Married: Caroline of Brunswick, 8 April 1795 at the Chapel Royal, St James's Palace. Caroline (17 May 1768 – 7 August 1821) was the daughter of Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, & his wife Princess Augusta of Great Britain, eldest sister of King George III.
Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales (7 January 1796 – 6 November 1817). Had she outlived both her grandfather George III & her father, she would have become Queen of the United Kingdom, but she died at the age of 21, predeceasing them both.
George IV died: 26 June 1830, Windsor Castle.
Burial: 15 July 1830, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.
Successor: William IV (brother).
William IV was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland & King of Hanover.
Reign: 26 June 1830 – 20 June 1837.
Coronation: 8 September 1831, Westminster Abbey.
Born: 21 August 1765, Buckingham House, London.
Parents: George III & Queen Charlotte.
House of: Hanover.
Married: Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen at Kew Palace on 11 July 1818. Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen (13 August 1792 – 2 December 1849). She was the eldest child of George I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen & Luise Eleonore, daughter of Christian Albrecht, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg.
Princess Charlotte Augusta Louisa of Clarence (27 March 1819, died a few hours after being baptised, in Hanover.
Stillborn child (5 September 1819, born dead at Calais or Dunkirk.
Princess Elizabeth Georgiana Adelaide of Clarence (10 December 1820 - 4 March 1821), born & died at St James's Palace.
Stillborn twin boys (8 April 1822).
William IV died: 20 June 1837, Windsor Castle.
Burial: 8 July 1837, St George's Chapel, Windsor.
Successor: Queen Victoria (niece).
Victoria was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Ireland.
Reign: 20 June 1837 – 22 January 1901.
Coronation: 28 June 1838, Westminster Abbey.
Born: Princess Alexandrina Victoria of Kent, 24 May 1819, Kensington Palace.
Parents: Prince Edward, Duke of Kent & Strathearn, (2 November 1767 – 23 January 1820), son of King George III & Queen Charlotte and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (17 August 1786 – 16 March 1861), the daughter of Franz Frederick Anton, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, & Countess Augusta of Reuss-Ebersdorf.
House of: Hanover.
Married: Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) on 10 February 1840. Albert was a son of Ernest III, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, & his first wife, Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
Victoria, Princess Royal (21 November 1840 - 5 August 1901). Married Frederick III, German Emperor & King of Prussia in 1858. Their children included Wilhelm II, German Emperor, & Queen Sophia of Greece.
Edward VII (9 November 1841 - 6 May 1910). Married Alexandra of Denmark in 1863.
Princess Alice (25 April 1843 - 14 December 1878. Married Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse & by Rhine in 1862. Their children included Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia.
Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg & Gotha (6 August 1844 - 31 July 1900). Married Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia in 1874. Their children included Queen Marie of Romania.
Princess Helena (25 May 1846 - 9 June 1923). Married Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein in 1866.
Princess Louise (18 March 1848 - 3 December 1939). Married John Campbell, Marquess of Lorne, 9th Duke of Argyll in 1871.
Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught & Strathearn (1 May 1850 - 16 January 1942). Married Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia, their children included Crown Princess Margaret of Sweden in 1879.
Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany (7 April 1853 - 28 March 1884). Married Princess Helena of Waldeck & Pyrmont in 1882.
Princess Beatrice (14 April 1857 - 26 October 1944). Married Prince Henry of Battenberg in 1885. Their children included Queen Victoria Eugenie of Spain.
Queen Victoria died: 22 January 1901, Osborne House, Isle of Wight.
Burial: 4 February 1901, Royal Mausoleum, Frogmore, Windsor.
Successor: Edward VII (son).
Edward VII was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Ireland & the British Dominions, & Emperor of India.
Reign: 22 January 1901 – 6 May 1910.
Coronation: 9 August 1902, Westminster Abbey.
Imperial Durbar: 1 January 1903. The durbar was held to celebrate the succession of King Edward VII & Queen Alexandra as Emperor & Empress of India.
Born: 9 November 1841, Buckingham Palace.
Parents: Queen Victoria & Prince Albert.
House of: Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Married: Alexandra of Denmark on 10 March 1863 at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle. Alexandra (1 December 1844 – 20 November 1925), or "Alix", as her immediate family knew her, was a daughter of Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg & Princess Louise of Hesse-Kassel.
Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale (8 January 1864 - 14 January 1892), was engaged 1891, to Princess Victoria Mary of Teck but died a few weeks later during a major influenza pandemic.
George V (3 June 1865 - 20 January 1936). Married Princess Victoria Mary of Teck in 1893.
Louise, Princess Royal (20 February 1867 - 4 January 1931). Married, Alexander Duff, 1st Duke of Fife in 1889.
Princess Victoria (6 July 1868 - 3 December 1935).
Princess Maud (26 November 1869 - 20 November 1938). Married Prince Carl of Denmark (King of Norway as Haakon VII from 1905) in 1896.
Prince Alexander John of Wales 6 April 1871 - 7 April 1871 born & died at Sandringham House.
Edward VII died: 6 May 1910, Buckingham Palace.
Burial: 20 May 1910, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.
Successor: George V (son).
George V was King of the United Kingdom & the British Dominions, & Emperor of India.
Reign: 6 May 1910 – 20 January 1936.
Coronation: 22 June 1911, Westminster Abbey.
Born: Prince George of Wales, 3 June 1865, Marlborough House, Westminster.
Parents: Edward VII & Queen Alexandra.
House of: Windsor (from 1917), Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (until 1917).
Married: Mary of Teck on 6 July 1893 at Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace. Princess Victoria Mary ("May") of Teck (26 May 1867 – 24 March 1953) was the only daughter of Prince Francis, Duke of Teck, the son of Duke Alexander of Württemberg by his morganatic wife, Countess Claudine Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde. Her mother was Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge, a granddaughter of King George III & the third child & younger daughter of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge.
Edward VIII (later Duke of Windsor after he abdicated) (23 June 1894 - 28 May 1972). Married Wallis Simpson in 1937.
George VI (14 December 1895 - 6 February 1952). Married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon in 1923.
Mary, Princess Royal (25 April 1897 - 28 March 1965). Married Henry Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood in 1922.
Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (31 March 1900- 10 June 1974). Married Lady Alice Montagu Douglas Scott in 1935.
Prince George, Duke of Kent (20 December 1902 - 25 August 1942). Married Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark in 1934.
Prince John (12 July 1905 - 18 January 1919).
George V died: 20 January 1936, Sandringham House.
Burial: 28 January 1936, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.
Successor: Edward VIII (son).
Edward VIII was King of the United Kingdom & the Dominions of the British Empire & Emperor of India from 20 January 1936 until his abdication in December of the same year. He later became the Duke of Windsor.
Reign: 20 January – 11 December 1936.
Coronation: Never crowned.
Born: Prince Edward of York on 23 June 1894, White Lodge, Richmond Park, Surrey.
Parents: George V & Queen Mary.
House of: Windsor.
Married: Wallis Simpson on 3 June 1937. Born Bessie Wallis Warfield (19 June, 1896 – 24 April 1986), known as Wallis Simpson, was an American socialite. Her first marriage, to United States Navy officer Win Spencer (m. 1916; div. 1927) ended in divorce. In 1931, during her 2nd marriage, to Ernest Simpson (m. 1928; div. 1937), she met Edward, the then Prince of Wales. Five years later, after Edward's accession as King of the United Kingdom, Wallis divorced her 2nd husband to marry Edward. Their intention to marry & her status as a divorcée caused a constitutional crisis that led to Edward's abdication.
The Duke of Windsor died: 28 May 1972, Paris, France.
Burial: 5 June 1972, Royal Burial Ground, Frogmore, Windsor.
Successor: George VI (brother).
George VI was King of the United Kingdom & the Dominions of the British Commonwealth. He was concurrently the last Emperor of India until August 1947, when the British Raj was dissolved.
Reign: 11 December 1936 – 6 February 1952.
Coronation: 12 May 1937, Westminster Abbey.
Born: Prince Albert of York, 14 December 1895, York Cottage, Sandringham.
Parents: George V & Queen Mary.
House of: Windsor.
Married: Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, 26 April 1923, Westminster Abbey. Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon (4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002) was the youngest daughter & the 9th of 10 children of Claude Bowes-Lyon, Lord Glamis (later the 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne in the Peerage of Scotland), & his wife, Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck.
Elizabeth II (21 April 1926 - 20 November 1947. Married Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh on 20 November 1947 at Westminster Abbey.
Princess Margaret (21 August 1930 - 9 February 2002) Married Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon on 6 May 1960. Divorced on 11 July 1978.
George VI died: 6 February 1952, Sandringham House, Norfolk.
Burial: His funeral took place at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, on 15 February 1952. He was interred initially in the Royal Vault until he was transferred to the King George VI Memorial Chapel inside St George's on 26 March 1969. In 2002, fifty years after his death, the remains of his widow, Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother, & the ashes of his younger daughter Princess Margaret, who both died that year, were interred in the chapel alongside him.
Successor: Elizabeth II (daughter).
Elizabeth II was Queen of the United Kingdom & 14 other Commonwealth realms.
Reign: 6 February 1952 – 8 September 2022.
Coronation: 2 June 1953, Westminster Abbey.
Born: Princess Elizabeth of York, 21 April 1926, Mayfair, London.
Parents: George VI & Queen Elizabeth.
House of: Windsor
Married: Philip Mountbatten on 20 November 1947, Westminster Abbey. Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, later Philip Mountbatten; 10 June 1921 – 9 April 2021). He was the only son & fifth & final child of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark & Princess Alice of Battenberg.
Charles, Prince of Wales (b.14 November 1948). Married (1) Lady Diana Spencer on 29 July 1981, St Paul's Cathedral. Divorced 28 August 1996. Married (2) Camilla Parker Bowles on 9 April 2005, Windsor.
Anne, Princess Royal (b.15 August 1950). Married (1) Captain Mark Phillips on 14 November 1973, Westminster Abbey. Divorced 23 April 1992. Married (2) Timothy Laurence on 12 December 1992, at Crathie Parish Church, Ballater, near Balmoral.
Prince Andrew, Duke of York (b.19 February 1960). Married Sarah Ferguson on 23 July 1986, Westminster Abbey. Divorced 30 May 1996.
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex (b.10 March 1964). Married Sophie Rhys-Jones, 19 June 1999, Windsor.
Elizabeth II died: 8 September 2022, Balmoral Castle, Scotland.
Burial: 19 September 2022, Service at Westminster Abbey, then interred in King George VI Memorial Chapel, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.
Queen Elizabeth II was the longest-lived & longest-reigning British monarch.
Successor: Charles III (son).
Charles III is the King of the United Kingdom & 14 other Commonwealth realms (Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, & Tuvalu).
Reign: 8 September 2022-
Born: Prince Charles of Edinburgh, 14 November 1948, Buckingham Palace.
Parents: Queen Elizabeth II & Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
House of: Windsor.
Married: (1.) Lady Diana Spencer on 29 July 1981, at St Paul's Cathedral, divorced 28 August 1996).
Children from this marriage,
William, Prince of Wales (21 June 1982. Married Catherine Middleton 29 April 2011. Children; Prince George of Wales; Princess Charlotte of Wales; Prince Louis of Wales.
Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex (15 September 1984). Married Meghan Markle 19 May 2018. Children; Archie Mountbatten-Windsor & Lilibet Mountbatten-Windsor.
Married: (2.) Camilla Parker Bowles in a civil ceremony at Windsor Guildhall, on 9 April 2005, followed by a Church of England Service of Prayer & Dedication at St George's Chapel, Windsor.
Did you know? Charles was the longest-serving heir apparent in British history &, at the age of 73, is the oldest person to ascend the British throne.
Thank you for reading