Kingdoms of England & Scotland

The current royal arms are a combination of the arms of the former kingdoms that make up the United Kingdom, & can be traced back to the first arms of the kings of England & kings of Scots.

 

Various alterations occurred over the years as the arms of other realms acquired or claimed by the kings were added to the royal arms.

 

The photos below track the changes in the royal arms from the original arms of King Richard I of England, & William I, King of Scots, through royal history

Kingdom of England

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Kingdom of Scotland

The Union of the Crowns places England, Ireland & Scotland under one monarch

At the Union creating Great Britain in 1707, arms were adopted for the new kingdom, & again in 1801 at the Union creating the United Kingdom