Titles and styles
1984–2018: His Royal Highness Prince Henry of Wales
2018–present: His Royal Highness The Duke of Sussex
In addition to the Dukedom, the titles Earl of Dumbarton & Baron Kilkeel were also conferred on him on the morning of his wedding. He is known familiarly as Prince Harry.
Before his marriage, Harry used Wales as his surname for military purposes & was known as Captain Harry Wales in such contexts.
On 4 June 2015, as part of the 2015 Special Honours, Harry was knighted by his grandmother, the Queen, for "services to the sovereign", being appointed a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO)
8 May 2005: Officer cadet
13 April 2006: Cornet (Second Lieutenant), The Blues and Royals
13 April 2008: Lieutenant, The Blues and Royals
16 April 2011: Captain, The Blues and Royals
14 May 2018: Lieutenant Commander
14 May 2018: Major
14 May 2018: Squadron Leader
6 February 2002: Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal
5 May 2008: Operational Service Medal for Afghanistan
6 February 2012: Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal
2017: Order of Isabella the Catholic
13 October 2018: Personal Aide-de-Camp to Her Majesty The Queen (AdC(P))
6 March 2012 – : Honorary Fellow of the University of the West Indies
Honorary military appointments
10 November 2009 – present: Canadian Ranger
8 August 2006 – present: Commodore-in-Chief of Small Ships & Diving
3 October 2008 – present: Honorary Air Commandant of RAF Honington
19 December 2017 – present: Captain General of the Royal Marines
Harry's charitable efforts have been recognised three times by the international community. In December 2010, the German charity Ein Herz für Kinder ("A Heart for Children") awarded him the Golden Heart Award, in recognition of his "charitable & humanitarian efforts".
On 7 May 2012, the Atlantic Council awarded him its Distinguished Humanitarian Leadership Award. In August 2018, the Royal Canadian Legion granted him the 2018 Founders Award for his role in founding the Invictus Games.
Coat of Arms;
The coat of arms was granted in September 2002, on his 18th birthday. The three small red ‘escallop’ or sea-shell on the label alludes to the arms of his mother & the Spencer family.
Quarterly, 1st & 4th Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or armed & langued Azure (for England), 2nd quarter Or a lion rampant within a double tressure flory-counter-flory Gules (for Scotland), 3rd quarter Azure a harp Or stringed Argent (for Ireland), with over all a label of five points Argent the first, third & fifth points charged with an Escallop Gules, the escutcheon ensigned by a coronet of a child of the Heir-apparent, for a crest on a coronet of his rank, thereon a lion statant guardant Or crowned of the same coronet charged with a label as in the arms, for supporters, dexter a lion rampant guardant Or crowned by the same coronet, sinister a unicorn Argent armed, crined & unguled Proper, gorged with the same coronet, attached thereto a chain affixed thereto passing between the forelegs & reflexed over the back also Or, both charged on the shoulder with a label as in the arms.
What is? A Royal Dukedom;
In the British peerage, a royal duke is a member of the British royal family, entitled to the titular dignity of prince & the style of His Royal Highness who holds a dukedom. Dukedoms are the highest titles in the British roll of peerage & the holders of these particular dukedoms are Princes of the Blood Royal.
The holders of the dukedoms are royal not the titles themselves. They are titles created & bestowed on legitimate sons & male-line grandsons of the British monarch, usually upon reaching their majority or marriage. The titles can be inherited but cease to be called "royal" once they pass beyond the grandsons of a monarch. As with any peerage, once the title becomes extinct, it may subsequently be recreated by the reigning monarch at any time.
Styles represent the fashion by which monarchs & noblemen are properly addressed. Throughout history, many different styles were used, with little standardization.
Royal Highness (abbreviated HRH for His Royal Highness or Her Royal Highness) is a style used to address or refer to some members of royal families, usually princes or princesses. Monarchs & their consorts are usually styled Majesty. When used as a direct form of address, spoken or written, it takes the form "Your Royal Highness". When used as a third-person reference, it is gender-specific (His Royal Highness or Her Royal Highness, both abbreviated HRH) &, in plural, Their Royal Highnesses (TRH).
The Duke of Sussex title is?
The Duke of Sussex is a substantive title, one of several royal dukedoms, that has been created twice in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It takes its name from the county of Sussex in England.
Sussex, from the Old English Sūþsēaxe (South Saxons), is a historic county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex. It is bounded to the west by Hampshire, north by Surrey, northeast by Kent, south by the English Channel, & divided for many purposes into the ceremonial counties of West Sussex & East Sussex.
A substantive title is a title of nobility or royalty acquired either by individual grant or inheritance. It is to be distinguished from a title shared among cadets, borne as a courtesy title by a peer's relatives, or acquired through marriage.
The Peerage of the United Kingdom comprises most peerages created in the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Ireland after the Acts of Union in 1801, when it replaced the Peerage of Great Britain. New peers continued to be created in the Peerage of Ireland until 1898 (the last creation being the Barony of Curzon of Kedleston).
Duke - Duchess
Marquess - Marchioness
Earl - Countess
Viscount - Viscountess
Baron - Baroness
Now back to the Duke of Sussex;
The dukedom was first conferred on 24 November 1801 upon Prince Augustus Frederick, the sixth son of King George III. He was made Baron Arklow & Earl of Inverness at the same time, also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The title became extinct upon Prince Augustus Frederick's death in 1843. Although he was survived by a son & daughter by Lady Augusta Murray, their marriage had been annulled for lack of royal permission under the Royal Marriages Act 1772, rendering the children illegitimate under English law & unable to inherit titles from their father. Both children by the annulled marriage died childless, rendering the issue of their inheritance moot.
In 2018, the title was recreated & granted to Prince Harry to mark the occasion of his wedding to Meghan Markle. Prince Harry was granted the subsidiary titles Earl of Dumbarton in Scotland & Baron Kilkeel in Northern Ireland at the same time
What is The Royal Marriages Act 1772 ?
The Royal Marriages Act 1772 was an act of the Parliament of Great Britain, which prescribed the conditions under which members of the British royal family could contract a valid marriage, in order to guard against marriages that could diminish the status of the royal house.
The right of veto vested in the sovereign by this act provoked severe adverse criticism at the time of its passage It was repealed as a result of the 2011 Perth Agreement, which came into force on 26 March 2015.
Under the Succession to the Crown Act 2013, the first six people in the line of succession (currently Prince Charles, Prince William, Prince George, Princess Charlotte, Prince Louis & Prince Harry) need permission to marry if they and their descendants are to remain in the line of succession.
What is The 2011 Perth Agreement?
The Succession to the Crown Act 2013 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which altered the laws of succession to the British throne in accordance with the 2011 Perth Agreement. The act repealed the Royal Marriages Act 1772, replacing male-preference primogeniture with absolute primogeniture for those born in the line of succession after 28 October 2011, which meant the eldest child, regardless of sex, would precede his or her brothers & sisters.
A historical example would be Queen Victoria's eldest child, Princess Victoria, as had the Perth Agreement been in place in 1901, Princess Victoria would have inherited the throne rather than her younger brother Prince Albert Edward (Edward VII). Further back Elizabeth Stuart ,who became Queen of Bohemia would have been Queen rather than her brother Charles I.
The act also ended the historical disqualification of a person who married a Roman Catholic from the line of succession, & removed the requirement of those outside the first six persons in line to the throne to seek the Sovereign's approval to marry. It came into force on 26 March 2015, at the same time as the other Commonwealth realms implemented the Perth Agreement in their own laws.
The Earl of Dumbarton;
Earl of Dumbarton is a title of Scottish nobility, referring to Dumbarton in the area West Dunbartonshire, Scotland. The title has been created twice, once in the Peerage of Scotland in 1675 & once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 2018.
On 19 May 2018, it was announced that the title would be recreated in the Peerage of the United Kingdom by Queen Elizabeth II as a subsidiary title for her grandson Prince Harry on the occasion of his wedding. Prince Harry, now the Duke of Sussex, & his wife, Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, are known as the Earl and Countess of Dumbarton in Scotland.
Baron Kilkeel is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 19 May 2018 by Queen Elizabeth II as a subsidiary title for her grandson Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex, for the occasion of his marriage to Meghan Markle. It is named after the small fishing port of Kilkeel, County Down, with a population of 6,887, in the District of Newry, Mourne & Down in Northern Ireland. On the same day, he was also created Duke of Sussex & Earl of Dumbarton. Traditionally, male members of the Royal family are granted at least one title on their wedding day by the Monarch.
As part of the British honours system, the Special Honours are issued at the Queen's pleasure at any given time. The Special Honours refer the award of the Order of the Garter, Order of the Thistle, Order of Merit, Royal Victorian Order & the Order of St John. Life Peers are at times also awarded as special honours.
Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO).
The Royal Victorian Order is a dynastic order of knighthood established in 1896 by Queen Victoria. It recognises distinguished personal service to the monarch of the Commonwealth realms, members of the monarch's family, or to any viceroy or senior representative of the monarch.
The present monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, is the Sovereign of the order, its motto is Victoria, & its official day is 20 June. The order's chapel is the Savoy Chapel in London.
There is no limit on the number honoured at any grade, & admission remains at the sole discretion of the monarch, with each of the order's five grades & one medal with three levels representing different levels of service. While all those honoured may use the prescribed styles of the order the top two grades grant titles of knighthood, & all grades accord distinct post-nominal letters the Royal Victorian Order's precedence amongst other honours differs from realm to realm & admission to some grades may be barred to citizens of those realms by government policy.
Other royals awarded this honour are; the Duke of Kent (since 1960); Princess Alexandra (1960); Duke of Gloucester (1974); Duchess of Kent (1977); Duchess of Gloucester (1989); Prince Michael of Kent (2003); Countess of Wessex (2010); Duke of York (2011); Earl of Wessex (2011); Duchess of Cornwall (2012); & the Duke of Edinburgh (2017).
The Blues and Royals
The Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons) (RHG/D) is a cavalry regiment of the British Army, part of the Household Cavalry. The Colonel-in-Chief is Queen Elizabeth II & the Colonel of the Regiment is Anne, Princess Royal. It is the second-most senior regiment in the British Army.
The regiment was formed in 1969 from the merger of the Royal Horse Guards, which was known as "the Blues" or "the Oxford Blues", & the Royal Dragoons, which was known as "the Royals".
Both Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, & Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex, joined the regiment as cornets in 2006.
The Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal (or the Queen's Golden Jubilee Medal was a commemorative medal created in 2002 to mark the fiftieth anniversary of Elizabeth II's accession. The Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal was awarded in Canada to nominees who contributed to public life. The Queen's Golden Jubilee Medal was awarded to active personnel in the British Armed Forces & Emergency Personnel who had completed 5 years of qualifying service.
United Kingdom: The medal is of cupronickel with a gilt finish and shows the Queen wearing St. Edward's Crown, circumscribed by the inscription ELIZABETH • II • DEI • GRA • REGINA • FID • DEF; on the reverse is the shield of Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom flanked by the years 1952 & 2002.
Both medals are suspended from the same broad royal blue ribbon with red outer stripes & , at the centre, double white stripes with a red stripe between.
Awarded to Prince Harry on 6 February 2002
The Operational Service Medal for Afghanistan is a campaign medal currently awarded by the Ministry of Defence of the United Kingdom for service by British Armed Forces personnel in support of the post-2001 Afghan War.
The medal is silver & circular in shape and designed as follows:
The obverse shows the crowned effigy of Elizabeth II with the inscription ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA FID. DEF.
The reverse bears the Union Flag, surrounded by the inscription FOR OPERATIONAL SERVICE an& d the four major points of the compass with, between the points, four Coronets: Royal (top left), Naval (Navy, top right), Mural (Army, bottom left), & Astral (Royal Air Force, bottom right).
The ribbon consists of a broad central red stripe, flanked each side by a stripe of navy blue & one of light blue, to represent the three services, with an outer stripe of light brown, to represent the Afghan landscape.
Awarded to Prince Harry on 5 May 2008
The Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal or The Queen's Diamond Jubilee Medal is a commemorative medal created in 2012 to mark the sixtieth anniversary of Elizabeth II's accession to the thrones of the Commonwealth realms.
There are three versions of the medal: one issued by the United Kingdom, another by Canada, & the third for the Caribbean realms of Antigua & Barbuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Grenada, Jamaica, Saint Kitts & Nevis, Saint Lucia, & Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. The ribbons used with the Canadian & British versions of the medal are the same, while the ribbon of the Caribbean medal differs slightly. The different iterations of the medal were presented to tens of thousands of recipients throughout the Commonwealth realms in the jubilee year.
In the United Kingdom, the medal, more properly known as The Queen's Diamond Jubilee Medal, was designed by Timothy Noad, a calligrapher & illuminator. It depicts on the obverse the Ian Rank-Broadley effigy of the Queen crowned with a tiara & is circumscribed by the inscription ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA FID DEF (Latin for "Elizabeth II by the Grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith"). The reverse shows a faceted hexagon with a crowned royal cipher, inscribed with the years 1952 & 2012.
Order of Isabella the Catholic
The Order of Isabella the Catholic (Spanish: Orden de Isabel la Católica) is a Spanish civil order in which membership is granted in recognition of services that benefit the country. The Order is not open to Spaniards exclusively, & it has been used to award many foreigners.
The Order was created on 14 March 1815 by King Ferdinand VII in honour of Queen Isabella I with the name of "Royal & American Order of Isabella the Catholic" with the intent of "rewarding the firm allegiance to Spain & the merits of Spanish citizens & foreigners in good standing with the Nation and especially in those exceptional services provided in pursuit of territories in America & overseas." The Order was reorganized by royal decree on 26 July 1847, as the modern "Royal Order of Isabella the Catholic" with a broader focus than the Americas.
A personal aide-de-camp is a senior military officer who is appointed to act as the honorary military attendant to the monarch of the United Kingdom & the other Commonwealth realms or any of his or her viceroys.
The Sovereign will typically commission another member of the Royal Family to act as his or her personal aide-de-camp, though other non-royal officers will be assigned to the role, especially when the monarch is in one of the realms besides the United Kingdom.
A personal aide-de-camp to the sovereign is entitled to the use of the post-nominal letters ADC(P), while those designated as aide-de-camp to a governor general, lieutenant governor, or governor use the letters ADC or A de C after their names.
The emblem of the office is the use of the royal cypher of the monarch who appointed the officer on his shoulder straps & aiguillette on the right shoulder.
There are other categories of aides-de-camp to the Queen; most are serving military, naval, & air officers, usually of colonel or brigadier rank or equivalent. There are also specific posts for very senior officers, such as First & Principal Naval Aide-de-Camp, Flag Aide-de-Camp, Aide-de-Camp General, & Air Aide-de-Camp each with its own specific entitlement to post-nominal letters.
Those in the Royal Family who currently hold the appointment are:
Rank / Name / Military branch years served
Appointed by King George VI ;
Admiral of the Fleet; Field Marshal; Marshal of the Royal Air Force - Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh - Royal Navy 1939–1952
Appointed by Queen Elizabeth II
Field Marshal; Prince Edward, Duke of Kent - British Army 1955–1976
Admiral of the Fleet; Field Marshal; Marshal of the Royal Air Force - Prince Charles, Prince of Wales - Royal Navy 1971–1977 & Royal Air Force1971–1977
Captain (retired) - Mark Phillips - British Army 1969–1978
Vice Admiral - Prince Andrew, Duke of York - Royal Navy 1978–2001
Honorary Air Commodore - Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
Vice Admiral - Sir Timothy Laurence - Royal Navy 1973–2011
Squadron Leader; Major; Lieutenant Commander - Prince William, Duke of Cambridge - British Army 2006–2009 & Royal Air Force 2009–2013
Major; Squadron Leader; Lieutenant Commander - Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex - British Army 2005–2015
Honorary Fellow of the University of the West Indies
Honorary titles in academia may be conferred on persons in recognition of contributions by a non-employee or by an employee beyond regular duties.
The use of a royal cypher in the Commonwealth realms originates in the United Kingdom, where the public use of the royal initials dates at least from the early Tudor period, & was simply the initial of the sovereign with, after Henry VIII's reign, the addition of the letter R for Rex or Regina. The letter I for Imperatrix was added to Queen Victoria's monogram after she became Empress of India in 1877.
The initials which had no set pattern or form of lettering laid down were usually shown in company with the royal arms or crown as on the king's manors & palaces such as those of Henry VIII on the gatehouse of St James's Palace. The purpose seems to have been simply to identify an individual sovereign, as the royal coat of arms was often used by successive monarchs. The initials were used mostly on government papers, duty stamps & similar objects, & were sometimes surmounted by a stylised version of the Tudor Crown or, more recently, St Edward's Crown. In Scotland, the Crown of Scotland appears in place of the Imperial Crown.
Distinction continues to be made between the personal cypher & the simpler, more workaday public initials, the former being the sovereign's own monogram & the latter simply a means of identifying a reign. Nowadays, the initials are also called the royal cypher, but, to aid clarification, the monogram is referred to as the royal cypher interlaced & reversed.
The present Queen's cypher is EIIR, standing for Elizabeth II Regina. Cyphers for other members of the Royal Family are designed by the College of Arms or Court of the Lord Lyon & are subsequently approved by The Queen. These cyphers have been incorporated by the Canadian Heraldic Authority into the various royal standards of Canada. The use in Canada of the reigning monarch's cypher, which is sometimes uniquely surrounded by a garland of maple leaves, is as a symbol not only of the sovereign him or herself, but of Canada's full sovereignty as well. It is also found on post offices & some government buildings in Australia.
Harry does not normally use a surname, such as Mountbatten-Windsor. In his military career, he used the surname Wales.
Harry is a common diminutive form for Henry.