Updated: Sep 7, 2019
Queen Victoria surpassed her grandfather George III as the longest-reigning monarch in English, Scottish, & British history.
The Queen requested that any special celebrations be delayed until 1897, to coincide with her Diamond Jubilee, which was made a festival of the British Empire at the suggestion of Colonial Secretary Joseph Chamberlain. The prime ministers of all the self-governing dominions were invited to London for the festivities.
About Queen Victoria;
Victoria (born Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. From 1 May 1876, she adopted the additional title of Empress of India.
Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III. Her mother was Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.
She inherited the throne aged 18, after her father's three elder brothers had all died, leaving no surviving legitimate children. She became a national icon who was identified with strict standards of personal morality.
Victoria married her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, in 1840. Their nine children married into royal & noble families across the continent, tying them together & earning her the sobriquet "the grandmother of Europe".
After Albert's death in 1861, Victoria plunged into deep mourning & avoided public appearances. Her Golden & Diamond Jubilees were times of public celebration.
Her reign of 63 years & seven months is known as the Victorian era. It was a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, & military change within the United Kingdom, & was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire. She was the last British monarch of the House of Hanover. She died on Tuesday, 22 January 1901, at the age of 81.